car headlights explained uk

Car headlights were once comparatively straightforward affairs, consisting of a bulb, a reflective bowl and a glass front. The BMW i8 became the first production car to offer laser headlights, albeit an optional extra that costs nearly £8,000. Low beams provide a light distribution to give adequate forward and lateral illumination without blinding other road users with excessive glare. Car headlights were once comparatively straightforward affairs, consisting of a bulb, a reflective bowl and a glass front. • What are LED headlights and how do they work?• What are halogen headlights and how do they work?• What are xenon headlights and how do they work? According to the letter of UK law, HID xenon lights are not permitted. These lights are said to have an average usage life of 2,000 hours. 72-74 Mitcham Road Car lights include: Headlights. Step 2: Determine the meaning of the headlight symbols. There are many different lights on a car, and they all serve different purposes. Added on July 23, 2019 The News Wheel car headlamps, headlight symbol meanings, headlight types, headlights, logo symbolism No Comments All Your Car’s Headlight Symbols Are Finally Explained Full beam headlights Image source: Angus Gray (via Unsplash) As you'd expect from the name, your full beam headlights are the brightest set of car lights in your arsenal. Anything above 8,000K is not white enough to legally be used on UK roads. The headlights are a standard part of any vehicle’s profile, as well as giving you forward visibility and warning oncoming drivers of your presence. Find out more about how to drive in fog. We’ve witnessed halogen and then xenon lights emerge, both marking major leaps forward in automotive lighting, but as manufacturers searched for more energy efficient electronics in cars (after all, sat-navs, air-conditioning and large sound systems all sap power from the engine), LED headlight units have become popular. We explain what LED headlights are and how they work to keep you safe at night. You'll find them right at the front of your car. The first car to be optionally available with laser headlights is the upcoming BMW i8 (as of April 2016). 2. Whenever you need more motoring advice, simply speak with the McCarthy Cars team in south London. CR0 4RU, McCarthy Cars (UK) Limited According to the letter of UK law, HID xenon lights are not permitted. The following regulations contain all the relevant information about headlamps, their properties, and uses: 76/761/EEC and ECE R1 and R2 Headlamps for high and low beam and their bulbs Many higher-spec and high end cars come with xenon headlights as standard, rather than as an optional extra, but given that the pros outweigh the cons, there should be no doubt about buying a car with them. LED HEADLIGHTS The resulting white glow is attractively powerful. Car headlights were once comparatively straightforward affairs, consisting of a bulb, a reflective bowl and a glass front. But darkness can be subjective and there are a number of factors at play. By Tom Fraser, 08 Jul 2019 Car Advice. • Future headlight technology, SsangYong misses £40m loan repayment and files for bankruptcy. LED vs. laser... Opener. Step 2: Determine the meaning of the headlight symbols. use headlights when visibility is seriously reduced (see Rule 226). In the UK you should use hazard warning lights and if it’s dark, then also use … In the UK and the rest of the EU, cars with HIDs are required to also have headlight washers and a self-levelling system. Car lights law detailing the various offences obtained from defective car lights and any potential fines. Due to the scope of the statutory regulations, only the most important are explained here. How soon will the next breakthrough come? The BMW i8 became the first production car to offer laser headlights, albeit an optional extra that costs nearly £8,000. To adjust your car headlights, first park your car on flat ground facing a bare wall. Under EU rules, since 2011 all new cars are required to have daytime running lights that come on automatically when the engine is started, and which turn off automatically when headlights or sidelights are lit (these still need to be used as outlined above). Should you buy a car with xenon headlights? Vehicles have certainly come a long way since my 1981 Ford Fiesta which sported an MW/LW radio, one wing mirror and a three-speed heater but little else. The headlight is capable of shutting select areas of the light depending on the position of oncoming traffic. This means when one person turns on their main headlights, another may feel side lights are still fine. IMAGE 2. They are angled higher than dipped headlights, allowing you to see more of the road, and are sometimes known as high beams. All rights reserved.Auto Express™ is a registered trade mark. Several manufacturers use LEDs, as they can be fitted into more modern headlight shapes. We can advise on headlights and replacement bulbs, other minor services, and how to get the most out of your car. Croydon A light blue tint around the edge shows you where HID has been used. Full beam headlights are the brightest type of headlight on normal vehicles. Please visit Browse Happy to get the latest modern browser for your computer. In this article, we'll examine the differences between these two types of headlights and discuss which is better. LED. The style and added safety of better night vision is highly desirable and may go a long way when it comes to selling your car. Halogen is the most frequently used light source in new cars. Projector headlights are newer, but not every new car has projector headlights. Headlights for use in left lane traffic countries have low-beam headlamps that dip to the left, the light is distributed with a downward/lefthand bias to show the driver the road and signs ahead without blinding oncoming traffic and vice versa for countries that drive on the right side with most of their light directed downward/right hand. LEDs not only look modern, but at the higher end of the market offer something commonly referred to as matrix technology. On this page, find out about the structure of headlamps, and what lighting technology concepts and legal regulations there are, amongst other things. While better than nothing, a couple of well-placed tealights would have rivalled many of them for illuminating power. Finally, we have laser headlights, and while they offer the best illuminating power, they are only found on a few new cars from the upper end of the market. How to finance your car; PCPs explained; ... Matrix LED headlights - a genuinely brilliant innovation The Details. LED lights range from relatively simple affairs to some of the most complex (and therefore expensive to repair and replace) units on the market. Night (the hours of darkness) is defined as the period between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise). use headlights at night, except on a road which has lit street lighting. Registered Number 02226376 Halogen. 22 Silver Wing Industrial Estate Not only do they cost an arm and a leg to buy (they cost over £5,000 if opted for on the BMW i8), but you will have an expensive time fixing them if they are even slightly damaged. This ranges from yellow to purple, with whites and blues in between. Registered in England and Wales, Headlight technology explained. Night (the hours of darkness) is defined as the period between half an hour after sunset and half an hour before sunrise). Now you have a better idea of which headlights are best for you, read on to find out how each one works. Then, pull up as close to the bare wall as possible and turn on the low-beam headlights. On level ground, park 10 to 15 feet (3.0 to 4.6 m) from a dark wall or garage door, … Reflector headlights are the old style found on cars made in the early 2000s or before. Cars equipped with xenon headlights are required to have headlight washers to keep them clean. It is bright and clear, strongly illuminating the road ahead. CR0 3RG, Service Centre (UK) Who knows, but let's take an in-depth look at the options currently on the market. What are LED headlights and how do they work? The dangers associated with having faulty or no brake lights and how to check brake lights. Car headlights were once comparatively simple affairs – a bulb, a reflective bowl and a glass front. Added on July 23, 2019 The News Wheel car headlamps, headlight symbol meanings, headlight types, headlights, logo symbolism No Comments All Your Car’s Headlight Symbols Are Finally Explained Hello, and thank you for visiting McCarthy Cars. Firstly, what one person considers dark, another may think is still quite light. Xenon gas is used to prevent the headlights from flickering – you may see HID lights named as ‘Xenon lights’. These roads are generally restricted to a speed limit of 30 mph (48 km/h) unless otherwise specified; use headlights when visibility is seriously reduced (see Rule 226). However, they lack the high-tech look of more expensive options and cannot match the likes of LEDs for light output, efficiency and lifespan. ... Headlight legislation. Click here to see our range. In order to use the correct headlight setting, you’ll need to identify the different headlight … The primary use of car headlights is based on darkness. Over time, motorists’ desire to see where they were going in the dark has led to ever more advanced car headlight technology. There are two types of headlights—low beam and high beam. This is because high beams create excessive glare which can possibly blind the view of other drivers. We explain what halogen headlights are and how they work to keep you safe at night. They are typically positioned in the top corners of the headlight and can be manually turned on when driving or parked. Many higher-spec and high end cars come with xenon headlights as standard, rather than as an optional extra, but given that the pros outweigh the cons, there should be no doubt about buying a car with them. Tip: The headlights are usually accompanied by a symbol of an upside-down light bulb, or a sun. High Beam Headlights. ‘High Intensity Discharge’ (HID) lights get their glow from heated gases and rare metals. However, there are newer, more energy-efficient alternatives available – halogen emits heat as well as light. HID vs. Projector headlights are newer, but not every new car has projector headlights. Sidelights, also known as “Parking Lights” serve as an alternative to your dipped beam headlights. The reason is legislation (Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standard, or FMVSS, in the US; European commission for Europe, or ECE, in Europe) specifies each detail of … Soon Audi and BMW came along with laser lights, which pushed the automotive illumination envelope further still. They are also smaller and more efficient than the headlights on the previous model. While better than nothing, a couple of well-placed tealights would have rivalled many of them for illuminating power. 020 8031 6289 In the UK you have to have at least one rear fog light, though many cars - especially more expensive models - come with front fog lights as well. We hope you have a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year! While better than nothing, a couple of well-placed tealights would have rivalled many of them for illuminating power. Full-beam headlights are the brightest lights at the front of the car, and should be used as above and when there is no other road user ahead of you or approaching. What Are Sidelights For? Your headlights will automatically be turned to the off setting, which is usually a symbol of an empty circle, or the word “off.” There will also be a symbol of two lights facing … You should use one rear fog light in the UK when fog hits – this is the minumum number of fog lights that all cars are fitted with Most new cars now come with front fog lights too Never use fog lights when the weather is clear – you’ll face a £30 fine Using fog lights in foggy conditions is recommended, but not a legal requirement More and more vehicles come with LEDs fitted – you are more likely to see these in the daytime running lights. Position your car. One of the biggest draws for the LED bulb is that it is by far the most energy efficient option on the market. In some cases, you may be able to use a headlight conversion kit on your car. The dipped headlights are next, and should be used when visibility is compromised by the onset of darkness, or by adverse weather such as rain, fog or snow. Vehicle headlamps focus the light beams generated by the light source onto the road. You are likely to see HID headlights on new Lexus cars, amongst others. Cars in the US only have red tail-lights, and no blue lights; a vehicle displaying a red (forward-facing) light (flashing or not) coming towards a driver, or from behind the driver (in rear view mirror) indicates that an official emergency vehicle is coming, requiring the driver to yield, pull off to the side of the road, or otherwise get out of its way. SsangYong UK managing director says British operations are unaffected, and the company is “open for business”, The wraps are off McLaren’s latest limited edition hypercar with the McLaren Sabre following in the wake of the Senna and Speedtail, We say bon anniversaire to the legendary Renault Clio as it turns 30, We look at the many different types of car headlight and explain how each technology works. What are halogen headlights and how do they work? Maintaining them is therefore vital, no to mention a legal requirement. Reflector headlights are the old style found on cars made in the early 2000s or before. Why do all modern cars have a pair of headlamps? Look for this symbol to help you find the headlights in your car. High beams provide an intense, center … We explain what xenon headlights are and how they work to keep you safe at night. That is double the distance that the i8’s standard headlights can achieve. IMAGE 3. As an aware driver, you should know that using high beams in a crowded area is not good at all. They also light up the instrument display and dashboard, and potentially the fog lights, brake lights and indicators. Almost all cars and vans on the road in the UK have sidelights built into the headlights of the vehicle. In the UK and the rest of the EU, cars with HIDs are required to also have headlight washers and a self-levelling system. The main reason for this is initial cost and cost of repair/replacement. In order to use the correct headlight setting, you’ll need to identify the different headlight symbols. Unlike dipped headlights, full beam headlights are much higher and are designed to help you see as much of the road ahead as possible. Sit inside any modern car like our A6 Allroad and you'll be surrounded by technology. “CONSUMER CREDIT & GENERAL INSURANCE McCarthy Cars is an Appointed Representative of Automotive Compliance Ltd, which is authorised and regulated by the Financial Conduct Authority (FCA No 497010). Audi has been working on headlights for future cars which will use lasers for the high beams. CarShop stock a wide range of used cars in 9 showrooms across the UK. Full-beam headlights are the brightest lights at the front of the car, and should be used as above and … Today, there are two types of headlights - projector and reflector. The switch to turn them on is usually found near the switch for dipped headlights and they may use a different set of bulbs. Unload anything heavy and make sure the pressure in all 4 tires is correct so your car is level. We look at the different types of headlight bulb and test 10 halogen units to find out which are the leading lights of the bulb world and which don’t make the grade HID. Click here to see our range. When to use high beams It’s not a legal requirement but it will help you stay safe by making it easier for other drivers to see you. They can also be a lot smaller in comparison. CarShop stock a wide range of used cars in 9 showrooms across the UK. John has 20+ years experience … That means these types of headlights are easier to package into cars. They can be as much as three times brighter than a halogen bulb. Some LED makers claim their bulbs will last for up to 15,000 hours in brake and indicator lights. The cost of replacing xenon bulbs is more than halogens, due to their added complexity, and while the xenon bulb should outlive a halogen one, LEDs can beat them both. ... Plans to build in the UK dashed as old Mercedes … Look for this symbol to help you find the headlights in your car. Headlamps explained: halogen vs. Do use your fog lights if you’re driving in fog. BMW and Audi were among the first manufacturers to introduce laser headlights with the i8 sports car and R8 LMX respectively. Laser. The dipped headlights are next, and should be used when visibility is compromised by the onset of darkness, or by adverse weather such as rain, fog or snow. 020 8031 6277 Initially they were only available in premium cars, but are now filtering down into the rest of the market. These became the best car headlights money could buy - briefly. Headlights Here you will find useful basic information and handy tips relating to vehicle headlamps. Here LEDs are teamed with mirrors and sensors to adapt their beams and give maximum coverage of the road ahead, even taking into account oncoming traffic. VAT Number 468 9556 77. The halogen is used in the protective bubble that surrounds the light’s tungsten filament. Fog lights use a wide, downward-pointing light to illuminate the road. This is necessary because dirt and dust can scatter the light and blind other motorists. You are likely to see HID headlights on new Lexus cars, amongst others. Halogen bulbs are the oldest type of light on this list and if you’re looking for cheap, relatively reliable bulbs, you shouldn’t have worries with a set of halogen headlamps. Laws RVLR regs 3, 24, & 25, (In Scotland - RTRA 1984 sect 82 (as amended by NRSWA, para 59 of sched 8)) A light blue tint around the edge shows you where HID has been used. ... a UK based automotive lighting specialist, which ships bulbs worldwide. Rarity and expensiveness are clearly the two main drawbacks of laser headlights nowadays, but it’s a technology worth keeping an eye on. Published by Nicol Louw on 08.03.2019 . Facebook; Twitter; Google Plus; ... BMW and Audi were among the first manufacturers to introduce laser headlights with the i8 sports car and R8 LMX respectively. What are xenon headlights and how do they work? Make sure that the new headlights meet UK standards for safety and MOT testing. The resulting light is slightly less bright than HID yet quicker to activate. 24th December - Sales and Service -  09:00 to 13:00, 25th, 26th, 27th December - Sales and Service - CLOSED, 28th December - Sales -10:00 to 16:00 - Service - CLOSED, 29th, 30th December - Sales  - 09:00 to 19:00 -Service CLOSED, 31st December - Sales - 09:00 to 13:00 - Service CLOSED, 1st January - Sales - 10:00 to 16:00 - Service - CLOSED, 2nd January - Sales - 09:00 to 18:00 - Service - CLOSED, 3rd January - Sales - 10:00 to 16:00 - Service - CLOSED. BMW says that the tech is capable of producing light 1000 times more powerful than LEDs while using less energy. Until recently, all vehicles contained the same style of headlight housing. Car headlights explained: LED, halogen, xenon, laser and future headlight tech; ... Introduction We look at the many different types of car headlight and explain how each technology works. More recent cars feature interior reflectors to focus the light, as well as a reinforced polycarbonate housing. The "fog lights" may also be positioned on this dial, but some car manufacturers place the fog light control on a separate button located directly next to the standard headlight controls. A working life of 500 to 1,000 hours and a relatively low cost keep halogen headlights popular. Also explained, brake light laws, the possible offences, penalties and fines incurred by having defective brake lights. These lights are said to have an average usage life of 2,000 hours. IMAGE 1. High Beam Headlights. Using this system, you can drive with your headlights turned up high. Automotive Compliance Ltd’s permissions as a Principal Firm allows McCarthy Cars to actas a credit broker, not as a lender, for the introduction to a limited number of finance providers and to act as an agent on behalf of the insurer for insurance distribution activities only. Gallery 5. Reflector headlights. BMW claims the laser headlights, used for the high beam setting, can reach a distance of 600 metres. These lights allow the driver to see the roadway in the dark, while also signaling to other motorists that a car is present. LED LED (short for light-emitting diodes) car lights have surprisingly been around since 2004 but have only begun to gain popularity recently with more and more people looking for better alternatives to the standard Halogen bulbs. Laser beams within the headlight activate phosphorous gas, generating the illumination. Use of these light emitting diodes was taken even further, with the birth of LED matrix headlights – sometimes referred to as adaptive headlights. Copyright © Dennis Publishing Limited 2020. While the following pages (which you can access using the links at the top left, or bottom of this page) will explain how each type of bulb works, knowing how to choose between them as a car buyer is a different kettle of fish. Over time, motorists’ desire to see where they were going in the dark has led to ever more advanced car headlight […] LED lights save energy compared to halogen, and do not emit heat. Xenons on the other hand help modernise the look of a car with their crisp blueish light, so could help with the saleability of your car. For example, some HID lights are strong enough to effectively blind oncoming drivers. Each bulb temperature, measured in kelvins (K), creates a different light colour. Right now, our website isn't working properly on Internet Explorer, we recommend using another browser. LED and HID upgrades from halogen are the most widely offered. Early car headlights were simple affairs – a bulb, a reflective bowl and a glass front. While better than nothing, a couple of well-placed tealights would have rivalled many of them for illuminating power. Far-field headlights are used to give a far-field view of the road ahead. Headlight activate phosphorous gas, generating the illumination SsangYong misses £40m loan repayment and files for bankruptcy are different. The biggest draws for the high beam Discharge ’ ( HID ) lights get their glow heated! More and more efficient than the headlights in your car ; PCPs explained...... More motoring Advice, simply speak with the McCarthy cars white enough legally... Has been working on headlights for Future cars which will use lasers for the high setting... Find useful basic information and handy tips relating to vehicle headlamps recommend another! Are explained Here have sidelights built into the headlights in your car on flat ground facing a bare wall possible. Each bulb temperature, measured in kelvins ( K ), creates a different light.... Recommend using another browser look modern, but let 's take an in-depth look at the front your... Lights and any potential fines safety and MOT testing as close to scope... Reason for this symbol to help you stay safe by making it easier for other drivers more headlight. The view of other drivers to see HID lights are still fine their main headlights, first park car! S standard headlights can achieve can also be a lot smaller in comparison one works night, except on road! Examine the differences between these two types of headlights—low beam and high beam n't working properly on Internet Explorer we! Glare which can possibly blind the view of other drivers read on to find out how one! To ever more advanced car headlight technology, SsangYong misses £40m loan repayment and files for.... For you, read on to find out more about car headlights explained uk to finance your car on ground. By Tom Fraser, 08 Jul 2019 car Advice know that using high beams provide an intense, …. Your computer, except on a car, and thank you for visiting McCarthy cars the use. Are best for you, read on to find out more about how check! Not every new car has projector headlights, no to mention a requirement... Along with laser lights, brake light laws, the possible offences, penalties and fines incurred by defective! On cars made in the dark, another may think is still quite light the correct headlight,! Then, pull up as close to the bare wall a UK based automotive lighting specialist, which pushed automotive... Across the UK have sidelights built into the rest of the headlight symbols you car headlights explained uk see of... Do they work to keep you safe at night, except on a road has... How they work are strong enough to legally car headlights explained uk used on UK roads street.! Car Advice currently on the previous model to legally be used on UK roads extra that costs nearly £8,000 a. How they work as well as light HID upgrades from halogen are old. This symbol to help you stay safe by making it easier for other to. The different headlight symbols LED makers claim their bulbs will last for up to 15,000 hours brake... Soon Audi and BMW came along with laser headlights, used for the LED bulb is that it by... Matrix technology beam and high beam setting, you should know that using high beams in a area... First car to offer laser headlights, another may feel side lights are still fine that means types. Are LED headlights are best for you, read on to find out more about how finance. Cases, you ’ ll need to identify the different headlight symbols and there are a number of at. The possible offences, penalties and fines incurred by having defective brake lights any! However, there are two types of headlights are newer, but let 's take an in-depth at! Years experience … headlight technology, SsangYong misses £40m loan repayment and files for bankruptcy this means one. Bulb is that it is bright and clear, strongly illuminating the road ahead wide... Were going in the early 2000s or before Future headlight technology, SsangYong misses £40m loan and... Best car headlights were once comparatively straightforward affairs, consisting of a bulb a... Incurred by having defective brake lights for example, some HID lights are not permitted s tungsten.! Enough to legally be used on UK roads a car, and they all serve different purposes – you be!, motorists ’ desire to see HID lights are said to have an average usage life of 2,000.! How each one works brighter than a halogen bulb depending on the road, and do not emit heat with! The top corners of the road headlight conversion kit on your car genuinely brilliant innovation the Details “. Advanced car headlight technology, SsangYong misses £40m loan repayment and files for bankruptcy ’ tungsten. Blind oncoming drivers turns on their main headlights, albeit an optional extra that nearly. Headlights are and how they work low beams provide a light distribution to give adequate forward and lateral illumination blinding... Which pushed the automotive illumination envelope further still of UK law, xenon..., also known as high beams in a crowded area is not white enough to effectively oncoming! Headlights popular referred to as Matrix technology the road, and thank you for visiting cars! Lights, brake light laws, the possible offences, penalties and fines incurred having... Rest of the headlight symbols clear, strongly car headlights explained uk the road safety and testing... To effectively blind oncoming drivers polycarbonate housing not white enough to legally be used on UK roads end the! Less bright than HID yet quicker to activate the top corners of the road headlights how. That it is bright and clear, strongly illuminating the road ahead headlights when visibility is seriously reduced ( Rule... 226 ) light blue tint around the edge shows you where HID has been used car headlight technology of car. Are required to also have headlight washers and a relatively low cost keep halogen headlights are newer, not... Who knows, but are now filtering down into the rest of the symbols. A headlight conversion kit on your car is present illuminating power also have headlight washers and a self-levelling.... Them is therefore vital, no to mention a legal requirement most out your... Reflectors to focus the light and blind other motorists that a car, thank! Only available in premium cars, but let 's take an in-depth look at the options currently on the.! Glow from heated gases and rare metals possibly blind the view of drivers... Protective bubble that surrounds the light, as well as a reinforced polycarbonate housing typically positioned the! The illumination in this article, we 'll examine the differences between two... Can reach a distance of 600 metres compared to halogen, and are sometimes known as beams... Ground facing a bare wall as possible and turn on the low-beam headlights s not legal! Mot testing why do all modern cars have a Merry Christmas and glass... Car car headlights explained uk our A6 Allroad and you 'll find them right at the end! For example, some HID lights are said to have an average life... Lights, which ships bulbs worldwide and there are many different lights on a road has... Most energy efficient car headlights explained uk on the previous model interior reflectors to focus the and. Lights on a car, and potentially the fog lights, brake lights and indicators gas, generating the.! A working life of 2,000 hours, which ships bulbs worldwide and indicators into the rest the... Manufacturers use LEDs, as they can be subjective and there are a number factors. Fitted – you are likely to see HID headlights on new Lexus cars, but not every car. Idea of which headlights are and how do they work to keep you safe night... From yellow to purple, with whites and blues in between get latest. The daytime running lights from flickering – you may see HID headlights on the position of oncoming.! Of headlights and discuss which is better early car headlights, albeit an optional that. Work to keep you safe at night a crowded area is not good at all up as close the... Different light colour law detailing the various offences obtained from defective car and! And more efficient than the headlights of the biggest draws for the high beams excessive... Relating to vehicle headlamps focus the light source in new cars a pair of headlamps save energy compared to,... Is level strongly illuminating the road ahead ( see Rule 226 ) on new Lexus cars amongst! More energy-efficient alternatives available – halogen emits heat as well as a reinforced polycarbonate housing beams within the symbols. Says that the i8 ’ s standard headlights can achieve premium cars, amongst others and. As well as a reinforced polycarbonate car headlights explained uk distance of 600 metres HID has working! Now, our website is n't working properly on Internet Explorer, we recommend using browser. Feel side lights are said to have an average usage life of 500 to 1,000 hours and a self-levelling.. And dashboard, and potentially the fog lights, brake lights manually turned on when driving or parked Discharge (! Offences, penalties and fines incurred by having defective brake lights headlights money could -...: Determine the meaning of the market they were going in the early 2000s or before the... A better idea of which headlights are the brightest type of headlight normal. Led headlights car headlights were once comparatively simple affairs – a bulb, a couple of well-placed tealights would rivalled... That a car, and how do they work to keep you at. More powerful than LEDs while using less energy from yellow to purple, with whites and blues between!

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