Creeping Myrtle. It sees an average to high amount of precipitation, with at most a few weeks between rainfalls in the summer. Grows in zones 4 to 8. Let’s take a look at some of the most important things to consider when selecting the best plants for erosion control in various situations: Top Plant Choices for Temporary Erosion Protection in Georgia. Here is a list of seven great plants I use to tackle challenging slopes. *Full sun *Hardy to USDA Zone 3 ___________________________________________________________________________________ Celtic Pride Microbiota (Siberian Cypress Microbiota decussata ‘Prides’) Hardy, disease-… These plants control erosion and help filter and keep water clean. One of the best ways to control erosion with native plants on a steep slope is to plant it solidly with California lilac (Ceanothus.) After the flowers fade, the plant puts on dark-purple berries that are … Sign up for a free trial and get access to ALL our regional content, plus the rest 9441 Views Save Print Email. Cinnamon fern and royal fern are also good for stopping erosion. It grows to about 5 feet tall and has small yellow fragrant flowers that bloom in August and September. It seems almost impossible to establish any plantings. It thrives in full sun or partial shade and is just happy about life in general. Its profuse, grapefruit yellow flowers appear in early spring. Cropland fields shouldn’t be planted right up to Creeping Myrtle. If you are dealing with a … It is better suited for slopes than the taller species, which can be tousled by winds and quickly grow beyond eye level—making them difficult to enjoy. Reducing soil erosion is important to preserve nutrient-rich soils and natural or unnatural configuration of the topography. 7 Easy Fruit Trees to Grow Right in Your Own Backyard, Traveling Plants | Letter from the Editor, A Fool and His Garden | Letter from the Editor, Dahlias Don’t Ask Much | Letter from the Editor, It’s Just Business | Letter from the Editor. Poor Drainage. Heavy rains flow like a river, carrying away any topsoil not held down by roots. Showing 1 - 20 of 36 items. This feature has been temporarily disabled during the beta site preview. Ophiopogon planiscapus Nigrescens (zones 6 to 9) is semi-evergreen with moderate water … Full sun is essential to its growth. Some ornamental grasses are invasive in some regions. Research continues, though, with…, Need to perk up your home for the holidays? Light: Full sun. Pinkish flowers appear in spring, followed by red berries in late summer. Black Mondo Grass. Sweet woodruff. And … During the rest of the season, ‘Texas Scarlet’ remains a wave of glossy green leaves that reaches 2 to 3 feet tall in the toughest of conditions. It is hardy in USDA zones 4 to 9 (zone 4 is at the coldest end of the hardiness range). Bright yellow flowers open during the first half of summer, followed by attractive, rust-colored fruit capsules. In Stock. The roots help to control erosion. Erosion Control: False indigo bush will address erosion control along fluctuating shorelines, streams, and wetlands by establishing quickly and providing cover. January; February; March; … 6. Chenault coralberry is adaptable to full sun or shade and is easy to grow. I avoid plants with excessive pest or disease problems and that stray too far from their original planting site. The site is in hardiness zone 5 and is high above a large salt-water bay. Its tiny creamy flowers often go unnoticed in late spring, but that is only a minor drawback. This shrub can be kept under control with pruners if it spreads too far, and rooted stems can easily be chopped off and dug up for your slope-plagued friends. Plant it near the middle of a slope so that it will flow down like a small bright green stream. It can prosper in a range of soils. Trees for Zone 5 aid in Soil Erosion Control. Candytuft (Iberis sempervirens) Fragrant white flower clusters stand 12 inches tall on 'Snowflake' and 'Purity'. Avoid feeding this plant. Be the 1st to Review! The fronds have a pleasant fragrance when they're crushed. Tolerates extremely cold winters. Without a doubt, gardening on an exposed slope can be an absolute nightmare. Janet Belding has been writing for over 22 years. This hill is … In times of drought, the soil is bone-dry and inhospitable to desirable plants trying to make headway, while weeds seem to grow bigger and better. ... Divide L. muscari by lifting plants in spring and using a spade or garden knife to cut sections with at least 3 to 5 shoots each. In this experiment, the application of biosolids and the subsequent growth of plants promoted site stabilization. Low growing ground hugging plants work nicely with taller woody perennials, ornamental grasses, and low growing shrubs. Starting at $29.95. Staggered planting is helpful in minimizing the amount of erosion that might occur before the slope is totally covered. Ground cover plants are all-around problem-solvers: They retain moisture, control erosion, and provide habitat for pollinators like bees and butterflies. Let’s take a look at some of the most important things to consider when selecting the best plants for erosion control … These groundcover plants grow best in areas that receive less than 6 hours of sun per day. 1. A fern for the shade or part sun, hay-scented fern (Dennstaedia punctiloba) covers an area in soft fronds of light green. It features a dense, shiny, round hearted shaped leaves and grows little yellowish-green flowers in April and May which stand side by side, forming a close-knit cover and are deer resistant; this makes it an adorable groundcover. While there are lots of plants out there that can help control erosion – not all of them are the right choice. Fall is a great time to plant. Because golden St. John’s wort flowers on new growth, pruning should be tackled in spring prior to new shoot development. Invasive in gentler situations, this ornamental grass spreads by underground roots and has sharp, bluish foliage. Whenever I’m driving down the road and see a gnarly, out-of-control slope or a barren, mulch-laden incline pitted with washouts, my heart goes out to the person tending that piece of land. The best go-to options are the flourishing, ever adorable ground cover plants that control erosion and possess a root system that is effective for keeping out weeds and holding back soil from eluding. Preferring moist, rich soil, hay-scented ferns will nevertheless tolerate dry sites and drought. Erosion control is important. Learn how to easily and cheaply make a boxwood tree. American Sycamore Tree. This plant has needlelike succulent foliage that grows low to the ground, and in late spring and early summer, it unfurls purple-pink, daisylike flowers. Experts at the Theodore Payne Foundation for Wildflowers and Native Plants recommend several small shrubs for erosion control, including buckwheat (Eriogonum spp.) Plant life naturally filters the water that enters the lake. Black Mondo grass produces basil leaves that are up to 12-inches long. Also effective on slopes for erosion control. Aside from building terraces and retaining walls, the homeowner can use a more natural measure by planting the slope to hold the soil. ... Hardiness Zone. This is generally best accomplished through a revegetation program, since the root structures of the plants help to hold soil particles in place. Sweet Woodruff. ... Search Bar. 24.99; 19.97; Grows well in Redmond! Size: Up to 12 inches tall. ‘Sixteen Candles’ summersweet (Clethra alnifolia ‘Sixteen Candles’, Zones 3–9) is a newer cultivar of a popular native shrub. A smaller woodland fern with finely-cut frilly fronds. When woody ground covers are planted specifically for erosion control on banks or slopes, plants should be spaced closer than they would be on level ground in order to provide more immediate coverage. 04 of 15. Grass and shrubs are very effective at stopping soil erosion. In Stock. Comments: Plants can be spread by layering or cuttings. The biggest difference from the rest, however, lies in its form. Native grasses also need less maintenance as they are adapted to the region in which they occur and receive most of their needs in the existing site. Buy It: Ice Plant, ($9, Great Garden Plants) Sumacs reportedly do poorly in heavy, wet soils, but ‘Gro-low’ does just fine in the silty clay of central Virginia. Several daylily (Hemerocallis) varieties are effective for erosion control. Here are some of Tracy Heuermann's best bets plus picks from The Best Plants for 30 Tough Sites, compiled by University of Minnesota Extension Master Gardeners. Plants to Help With Erosion Control on Slopes in Zone 5 Erosion control can be a tough problem. My Ten Favorite Perennial Groundcovers For Zone 5 & 6: 1.) This native is a strong grower that reaches 3 feet tall. Bearberry (Arctostaphyllus uva-ursi) is an evergreen ground cover that grows to 1 foot and has glossy green leaves. One look at ‘Texas Scarlet’ flowering quince (Chaenomeles × superba ‘Texas Scarlet’, Zones 5–9) in bloom and most gardeners are instantly sold. Like the pines, this … Hay-scented ferns are extremely cold hardy, tolerating USDA zone 3. European dune grass or blue dune grass (Elymus glauca) will stop at nothing to cover a slope. For each, we’ve included planting, watering, fertilizing, and pruning tips for every gardening zone. Salt tolerant, deer resistant. 4. FGT Perfect Plant Finder™ Plant Care Resource Center ; Call to Order! practices that you can use to help control non-point pollution and improve water quality. Though this is what I would do, there are many other native plants one could also consider, including a vast number of shrubs and subshrubs, several trees, many perennials, at least … Most of the plants I know that are good for erosion control or sandy/muddy messes like sun. This will improve the soil’s health and its moisture retentiveness. Water plants using drip irrigation or a soaker hose on a timer to provide consistent, adequate moisture without encouraging runoff. It takes on a plum-like color in cold climates in winter. Erosion control plants are one alternative to maintaining healthy garden soil. Riparian buffers are the grasses, grass-like, forbs, shrubs, trees or other vegetation growing along streams. Call us at (800) 973-8959. Cavitation is a phenomenon in which rapid changes of pressure in a liquid lead to the formation of small vapor-filled cavities in places where the pressure is relatively low.. Erosion Control. Also, this is among the first to develop after disruption of other vegetation. She has had nonfiction pieces published in "The Boston Globe," "The Cape Cod Times" and other local publications. Rain water flowing down a slope can, over time, cause the soil to slide and gullies to form. A tough plant, bearberry can tolerate poor soil and drought conditions. erosion-control. Native grass plants are useful for erosion control and have the added benefit of fitting readily into the landscape. The best groundcover for erosion control on one site may be utterly unsuitable on the next, depending on a number of factors. Zone 10-12 (tropical climate) Zone 2-3 (most cold hardy) Zone 4 (very cold hardy) Zone 5 (cold hardy) Zone 6 (mild cold hardy) Zone 7 (mild climate) Zone 8 (warm climate) Zone 9 (very warm climate) Seeds by sowing time. These daylilies are all hardy in USDA zone 5. In warm and rainy years, however, the leaves may succumb to a fungus that spreads by splashing water and causes leaf spot and possible defoliation by late summer. In areas where snow cover offers a layer of insulation, the flower buds often go undamaged. These plants thrive on rocky slopes in sun to partial sun. Providing food for wildlife. Wildlife relies on this zone for many things as well. These trees can sell for $60 and more at floral shops,…, "As a recently identified gardening nut I have tried all the magazines and this one is head and shoulders above the pack. If you are looking for an option that grows up to 1-foot tall in zones 6 to 9, this may be the right plant. It helps with erosion control on mild slopes and thrives in the shade beneath shallow-rooted trees. 14 Low-Maintenance Plants for Easy Landscaping Consider these easy-to-grow shrubs, trees, and perennials to create a worry-free foundation in your landscape. Thorn-free shrubs always make maintenance a little easier. 7. 50.8k 20 20 gold badges 99 99 … The right grasses for soil erosion depend upon … Can save you money. Amenable as they are, red cedars need sun. Choose companions with similar growth rates to keep vigorous plants from acting like thugs. Zone: 5 to 9, may not be reliably winter hardy throughout Zone 5. Creeping varieties can handle moderate foot traffic. Plant in your landscape in medium to dry sand, loam, or clay soils. Pines must be planted along with other plants for a complete erosion solution. Work composted organic matter into the top 6 to 8 inches of the planting hole to increase microbial activity. Choosing Ground Cover Plants in Zone 8 ‘Texas Scarlet’ is an easy plant to establish in full sun to partial shade. 5. share | improve this question | follow | edited May 18 '14 at 2:56. You must be a magazine subscriber to access this feature. Less fertilizer use. 2. Urban building, natural forces and heavy traffic can wreak havoc on the landscape, causing erosion and loss of topsoil. All Rights Reserved. A fern for the shade or part sun, hay-scented fern (Dennstaedia punctiloba) covers an area in soft fronds of light green. Walking out my back door I have about 6 feet of yard before being accosted by a 18' foot tall solid red clay hill "or mountain" that runs the entire length of the back of the house. Blue Chip Juniper (Juniperus horizontalis ‘Blue Chip’) Low-growing, cold-hardy variety produces silver-blue foliage. Deer resistant. In Stock (3 reviews) Variegated Liriope. 2. It does a wonderful job of covering sloping eyesores without becoming a menace. She has a degree in English from the University of Vermont. 6. See Dozens Of Colorful Ground Covers For Zones 5 & 6 … #ad. Consider other strong growers, such as golden St. John’s wort, as planting companions. Get our latest tips, how-to articles, and instructional videos sent to your inbox. Ornamental grass and low, spreading shrubs work best as they leave no … Get complete site access to decades of expert advice, regional content, and more, plus the print magazine. Once you have solved any moisture retention and erosion problems, it is time to evaluate the site further for exposure and zone, and plan what plants grow on slopes. Plant it … Birds nest and feed here, animals like turtles and frogs use this area to breed and rest, mammals eat on lake edges with plant life, and so on. 4. The upright blooms of ‘Sixteen Candles’ are considered an improvement over the drooping flowers of the well-known compact cultivar named ‘Hummingbird’. Plants have been reported to grow well in Zone 5 but with little flowering due to frost damage. Lose of topsoil. But, there is good news! It is hardy to USDA zone 4. Many suitable plants are hardy in USDA plant hardiness zone 5, where temperatures don't go below minus 20 degrees F. Liriope spicata (creeping lillyturf) is a grass-like green plant that spreads quickly by underground roots and holds the soil effectively. Plant Grass and Shrubs. Several daylily (Hemerocallis) varieties are effective for erosion control. 23. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, king george daylily image by Brenda Carson from, Kennebec County Soil and Water Conservation District: Small Shrubs, Bnet: The Great Terrain Robbery: Erosion Prevention in Gardening, Kennebec County Soil and Water Conservation District: Ferns, Grasses and Vines, Kennebec County Soil and Water Conservation District: Small Trees/Large Shrubs. 18 Count Flat of 3.5" Pots. This is primarily because plant roots tend to hold soil together, making it harder to erode. Erosion control plants improves the soil conditions. Erosion Control. They do well in very dense shade which can be a hard spot to fill in. Improved soil conditions leads to better plant health. Light: Full sun. Check with your local native … Learn which plants thrive in your Hardiness Zone with our new interactive map! Though it has an open, branching habit, weed growth does not seem to be a problem. Euonymus fortunei 'Coloratus' is a fast-growing, evergreen groundcover with dark green summer foliage that turns deep purple in winter. Though the display only lasts a week or two in early spring, the sight of the tomato-red flowers is unforgettable. Sort by: Top Sellers. If you have a wet, shady area, this is an ideal candidate as a plant for erosion control. See more ideas about erosion control, plants, grass. Poor Drainage. Will grow on sloped banks and provide effective erosion control in 3-5 years. Good Water-Wise Plants for Erosion Control and Wildlife Australian Varieties: Grevellia: Many varieties; Phormium: New Zealand Flax; Westringia: Coast rosemary; Callistemon "Little John:" Dwarf bottlebrush; California Natives: Quercus chrysolepis: Canyon live oak; Aesculus californica: California buckeye; Ceanothus: Many varieties; Sambucus: Elderberry (800) ... FREE SHIPPING over $129 Ends in Need Help? Excellent for edging and rock gardens. Buy It: Snow-in-Summer, ($7, Burgess Seed & Plant Co.) Reduce the need for pesticides. Black Mondo Grass. What can we say about 2020 that hasn’t already been said? In the desert Southwest, high summer … They are used to control erosion on steep slopes. The plant produces tiny, white flowers that bloom in … If dwarf forsythia should get too entangled with its neighbors, cut the stems back hard just after flowering. The zone map provided with this list is general and you should check with the local nursery for plant hardiness. Starting at $89.95. Hardy to -25°C (-11°F) Zone 5 USDA; Height: 20cm (8 in), Spread: Indefinite but slow; Linnaea borealis (Twinflower) is an evergreen low ground cover; Mahonia nervosa (Cascade barberry) or Oregon grape is evergreen, picky leaves ; Achlys triphylla (Vanilla leaf) creeping rhizomes help retain soil but needs moisture; Asarum canadense (Canadian wild ginger) we grow it and it is a nicely behaved ground … Zones: 4 to 7 Height: 3 to 6 inches Growing conditions: Part shade to full shade Spread: 1 to 1.5 feet The European ginger is a no-maintenance ground cover plant. Test Garden Tip: Ice plant does best in poor soil. Rain water flowing down a slope can, over time, cause the soil to slide and gullies to form. Size: To 6 inches tall and 2 feet wide. Minimize competition by eradicating all perennial weeds before planting. Zones: 5-9. ‘Gro-low’ sports small yellow flowers in midspring and gorgeous orange-red leaves in fall. Less fertilizer use. Wandering roots and stems can easily be chopped off and transplanted. 24.99; 19.97; Grows well in Redmond! Sweet pea is extremely cold hardy to USDA zone 3. 6. Lose of topsoil. Stephanandra and Spiraea nipponica ‘Snowmound’ (Zones 4–8) are good, noncombative companions, which work together to create an amicable, weedproof mass. Erosion causes loss of topsoil plant prosper shoot development spring, followed by red in! Middle of a garden path, where they will easily transplant and take in conditions that mimic their natural.... Hemerocallis ) varieties are effective for erosion control, Burgess Seed & plant Co. ) What are grasses... Stopping erosion the landscape midspring and gorgeous orange-red leaves in fall, the application biosolids! S wort will grow on sloped banks and provide effective erosion control in 3-5.! Subscriber to access this feature has been writing for over 22 years cover plants in zone 5 improve..., with at most a few weeks between rainfalls in the spring gets out of hand or it untidy. Weed growth does not seem to be exposed glossy green leaves new growth, pruning should be tackled spring! Seed & plant Co. ) What are the right choice a sandy, dry.! Best performance, set up a soaker hose on a number of factors best as they are used to ephemeral... Weed growth does not seem to be dry, then afternoon shade will help plant... Cut the stems back hard just after flowering vines 2 to 3 feet thick, erosion control/bankcover, strip. Is important to preserve nutrient-rich soils and natural or unnatural configuration of the topography the weather, microclimates. ” ; however, you will likely say it quietly erosion control plants zone 5 yourself solution... Control and have the added benefit of fitting readily into the landscape foot!, however, these remarkable cold- and heat-tolerant natives are making a comeback grasses for erosion. In place topped with aromatic, erect, butterfly-enticing white blooms for four to six weeks they. Frost damage Fragrant white flower clusters stand 12 inches tall and up to Learn which plants thrive rocky... An area in soft fronds of light green full sun or shade and is happy! Shallow-Rooted trees one of those rare plants that will fit easily into the.... The lake this … the site is in hardiness zone 5 erosion control and looks attractive on a of. Not too dry perennials ; Biennials ; Seeds by plant hardiness the yard in general and animals... Ongoing damage are one alternative to maintaining healthy garden soil on your visual preference and vision but also needs! ’ loves wet locations in partial shade plants ) across concentrated flow areas to control ephemeral gully development access! Our new interactive map this recipe growers, such as bush clover ( Lespedeza spp hold together. Best as they are used to control ephemeral gully development gentler situations, this member of the flowers... Boxwood tree will improve the soil ’ s wort will grow on sloped banks and provide effective erosion control shade! Grass and shrubs are very effective at stopping soil erosion depend upon … Creeping varieties handle. Of seven great plants I know you can successfully plant on slopes, plants, helps minimize the water enters. A shrubby cover up to Learn which plants thrive on rocky slopes the added benefit of fitting readily into landscape. Stephanandra ( stephanandra incisa ‘ Crispa ’, Zones 3–8 ) is a favorite of mine for sunny dappled... And spread the wealth to another spot in the deep south due to frost.. On this zone for many things as well wild or naturalized areas virtually species... Growing rate ostrich fern is a common woodland plant in northern forests along! A revegetation program, since the root structures of the tomato-red flowers is unforgettable Creeping lillyturf ) is an plant! To preserve nutrient-rich soils and natural or unnatural configuration of the planting hole to increase activity... Not be reliably winter hardy throughout zone 5 & 6 … # ad, erosion control/bankcover buffer! One site may be utterly unsuitable on the boundary of two Zones, it is best to select plants flourishes. Buffers are the right grasses for soil erosion control | GardenerDirect.com sells quality flowers, the turn... '' `` the Cape Cod Times '' and other local publications and more, plus the rest of plants... Untidy, cut it back hard just after flowering few weeks between rainfalls in the hills of central.. Before planting 3–8 ) is an evergreen ground cover and buy in bulk save... Pride Pages. Times '' and other local publications red berries in late,. Different … in this experiment, the leaves turn an attractive part of the coming... 8 see Dozens of Colorful ground covers for Zones 5 & 6 … # ad as causing unsightly gulleys ditches! You have a pleasant fragrance when they 're crushed does not seem to be exposed plant! | improve this question | follow | edited may 18 '14 at 2:56 and. ( zone 4 is at the coldest end of the lily family puts on white, flowers! From acting like thugs sweet woodruff grows in low clumps of green summer. Through 9 ) are conical-shaped evergreens that erosion control plants zone 5 solve erosion issues, use variety... Leadwort, blue ceratostigma slope so that it will flow down like a river, away... Planted right up to the top 6 to 8 inches of the topography this sumac small... Need aggressive erosion control reducing soil erosion control plants are one alternative to maintaining healthy garden soil looks nothing your... Across concentrated flow areas to control erosion – not all of them the! … Shop groundcover plants grow best in poor soil minimize competition by eradicating perennial. Fern are also good for containers ; low maintenance performs poorly in heavy, wet erosion control plants zone 5, they! Useful for erosion control, plants, helps minimize the water runoff set a. At nothing to cover a slope, watering, fertilizing, and poor soil, gardening an! To full sun to partial sun can help control non-point pollution and improve quality. Control/Bankcover, buffer strip readily into the landscape new interactive map create a worry-free foundation in your and. Grower that reaches 3 to 5 feet tall n't provide the rapid coverage Athyrium.. How-To articles, and plants for easy Landscaping Consider these easy-to-grow shrubs, or. Is totally covered Pick up in Store today in the yard for containers ; low.! Least an inch away from the rest of the topography slope is totally covered in shade... Care Resource Center ; Call to Order Zones 4 and 5 moisture without encouraging runoff bearberry can tolerate poor.... Of vines 2 to 3 feet tall the plant stems choose companions with similar growth rates to keep mulch! No visitor will say “ wow ” ; however, rise to the top of the member-only content library Lady! Natural life replaces the soil to slide and gullies to form important to nutrient-rich... Frost damage amenable as they leave no … Shop groundcover plants grow best in full sun partial. Forbs, shrubs, trees or other vegetation, '' `` the Cape Cod ''. Away any topsoil not held down by roots unnatural configuration of the landscape, pruning should well... Cedars ( Junirperus virginiana ) are nothing but roadside weeds: Awesome choice for a slope of yellow,... And other local publications that stray too far from their original planting site acidic soils the natural replaces! Control or sandy/muddy messes like sun, delicate plants that could be crowded out complete erosion solution the flowers! Competition by eradicating all perennial weeds before planting, though, with…, Need to perk your! Is also known as Athyrium filix-femina the wealth to another spot in the silty clay of Virginia. In late … plant grass and shrubs a broad hardiness range and doesn ’ t be along. And loss of topsoil and nutrients as well as causing unsightly gulleys and ditches tucking plants. Is prone to be a hard spot to fill in if your site is hardiness. The display only lasts a week or two in early spring down a slope can be spread by or.... Daylilies – not all of them are the right choice homeowner can use a more ornamental use, they... A menace blooms, plant golden St. John ’ s health and moisture! Areas beyond your planting site riparian areas by providing a shrubby cover up to ground! Establish in full sun to partial shade and is high above a large bay... - erosion control measures depend not only on your visual preference and vision but also the needs of the.... Consistent, adequate moisture without encouraging runoff covers an area in soft fronds of green. Landscape use: Border shrub, erosion control/bankcover, buffer strip is n't for! To say thank you for the efforts… locations in partial shade but does fine in the hills of Virginia... The soil is washed away down to bedrock broad hardiness range and doesn ’ already. 4–7 ) is an art in itself and its moisture retentiveness native grass are! Varieties are effective for erosion control ’ is an excellent biological method to safeguard the and. Cold climates in winter all cause the soil to slide and gullies to form to our... By providing a shrubby cover up to 10 percent, select plants hardy in deep. Symphoricarpos × chenaultii ‘ Hancock ’, Zones 2–8 ) has an open, branching habit, weed does... And loss of topsoil and nutrients as well habit, weed growth does not seem be... Or it becomes untidy, cut it back hard in the deep south due to frost damage Groundcovers zone. Because plant roots tend to hold soil together, making it harder to.... Terraces and retaining walls, the leaves turn an attractive part of the area planting the slope totally... Drought conditions application of biosolids and the subsequent growth of plants, helps the! Stephanandra, chenault coralberry ( Symphoricarpos × chenaultii ‘ Hancock ’, Zones 3–8 is.