theophylline side effects

For people with an irregular heart rate: This drug may make your irregular heart rate worse. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Don’t worry about airport X-ray machines. They can’t hurt your medication. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. You may report side effects to the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088. This makes it easier for you to breathe. Elixophyllin (theophylline) side effects list for healthcare professionals Adverse reactions associated with theophylline are generally mild when peak serum theophylline concentrations are < 20 mcg/mL and mainly consist of transient caffeine -like adverse effects such as … Side effects of theophylline at peak serum concentration less than 20 mcg/mL include: Central nervous system excitement, headache , insomnia , irritability, restlessness, seizure Diarrhea , nausea , vomiting They will show you how to do this. Drug Interactions and Cautions Theophylline can worsen stomach ulcers and some heart conditions in canines. It’s also available in an intravenous (IV) form, which is only given by a healthcare provider. As a result, more of a drug stays in your body for a longer time. Some of the side-effects may be rare but serious. Prices for theophylline start at just $ 31.65 with a GoodRx coupon. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. SIDE EFFECTS: Stomach pain /cramping, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, headache, trouble sleeping, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, flushing, and increased urination may occur. It can also be given intravenously (into a vein) for treatment for severe asthma attacks or COPD exacerbations. While it's not addictive, it can cause dependence if asthma isn't well…, White blood cells called neutrophils point the way to a clear diagnosis, If you have a bowel condition or are having bowel surgery, you may be asked to follow a low residue diet. It is given by mouth in the form of a tablet or liquid, or in hospital as an injection. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. Plus, how to choose and use CBD. The dose will be adjusted based on the amount of theophylline in the blood. You may have the following symptoms: If you think you’ve taken too much of this drug, call your doctor or local poison control center. Last medically reviewed on September 18, 2015, Albuterol is a rescue medication that people with asthma use to stop flare-ups. Call your doctor right away if you have serious side effects. A class of drugs is a group of medications that work in a similar way. Some may be better suited for you than others. Vaccine updates, safe care and visitor guidelines, and trusted coronavirus information, Mayo Clinic Graduate School of Biomedical Sciences, Mayo Clinic School of Continuous Professional Development, Mayo Clinic School of Graduate Medical Education, FREE book offer – Mayo Clinic Health Letter, confusion about identity, place, and time, dizziness, faintness, or lightheadedness when getting up suddenly from a lying or sitting position, fast, pounding, or irregular heartbeat or pulse, numbness or tingling in the hands, feet, or lips, pain or discomfort in the arms, jaw, back, or neck, shakiness in the legs, arms, hands, or feet, vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds. Your doctor should monitor your infant carefully if they take this drug. The effects listed are the most frequently encountered side effects upon taking theophylline as a broncholytic. The frequency of side effects and the relatively low efficacy of theophylline have recently led to reduced usage because inhaled β 2-agonists are far more effective as bronchodilators and inhaled corticosteroids have a greater antiinflammatory effect. After 3 more days, if the dose is tolerated, it may be increased to 20 mg/kg daily up to a maximum of 600 mg per day. License: Except as otherwise noted, this work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-Noncommercial-Share Alike 4.0 License.For commercial use or customized versions, please contact biobyte solutions GmbH.. Disclaimer: The content of this database of side effects (adverse drug reactions) is intended for educational and scientific research purposes only. Always carry the original prescription-labeled box with you. Applies to theophylline: oral capsule extended release 24 hr, oral elixir, oral solution, oral tablet extended release, oral tablet extended release 12 hr, oral tablet extended release 24 hrOther dosage forms: 1. intravenous solutionAlong with its needed effects, theophylline may cause some unwanted effects. © 2005-2020 Healthline Media a Red Ventures Company. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. It’s available as an oral solution, an extended-release tablet, and an extended-release capsule. All rights reserved. What is the most important information I should know about theophylline? It helps open up the airways in your lungs to make it easier to breathe. Theophylline, also known as dimethylxanthine, is a methylxanthine drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as COPD or asthma under a variety of brand names. Theophylline oral tablet doesn’t cause drowsiness but it can cause other side effects. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible side effects. Don’t make up the missed dose. Always carry your medication with you. A prescription for this medication is refillable. This drug should be used only if the potential benefit justifies the potential risk to the fetus. For children: Theophylline is safe for children. Take this medication by mouth with or without food as directed by your doctor, usually 3 to 4 times daily. For people with ulcers: This drug may make your ulcers worse. Anxiety 2. This increases your risk of side effects. Your dose will be adjusted based on the amount of theophylline in the blood. Theophylline is considered a component of a treatment plan. “This is why your healthcare professional may decide to keep an eye on your heart with a heart monitor,” says Dr Andy. Make sure to limit your intake of caffeine because theophylline causes similar side effects like headache, feeling jittery, or trouble sleeping. These drugs may decrease the levels of theophylline in your body. Theophylline is used for long-term treatment. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. One should not drive a vehicle if using the medicine makes you drowsy, dizzy or lowers your blood-pressure extensively. Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. The drug information contained herein is subject to change and is not intended to cover all possible uses, directions, precautions, warnings, drug interactions, allergic reactions, or adverse effects. After 3 days, your dose may be increased to 400–600 mg per day if you don’t have any side effects. Theophylline, also known as 1,3-dimethylxanthine, is a phosphodiesterase inhibiting drug used in therapy for respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and asthma under a variety of brand names. Your doctor may monitor you more closely for side effects. vomiting of blood or material that looks like coffee grounds. Measure the dose carefully using a special measuring device/cup. Keep these considerations in mind if your doctor prescribes theophylline for you. Tags: normal theophylline level theophylline theophylline dosage theophylline mechanism of action theophylline moa theophylline side effects theophylline toxicity theophylline uses what is theophylline. You may need to show airport staff the pharmacy label for your medication. This can help make sure you stay safe while you take this drug. For pregnant women: Theophylline is a category C pregnancy drug. The starting dose is 12–14 mg/kg per day up to 300 mg per day. If you experience drowsiness, dizziness, hypotension or a headache as side-effects when using Etophylline+Theophylline Tablet medicine then it may not be safe to drive a vehicle or operate heavy machinery. When taken with theophylline, you may need a larger dose of lithium for it to work. Theophylline is a prescription drug. Do not use a household spoon because you may not get the correct dose. They may ask you to record your symptoms. To find out how this drug might interact with something else you’re taking, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. This may increase the amount of this drug in your body and cause more side effects. For this drug to work well, a certain amount needs to be in your body at all times. That means two things: Talk to your doctor if you’re pregnant or planning to become pregnant. All rights reserved. View Coupon Prices. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to theobromine and caffeine, and is readily found in nature, being present in tea (Camellia sinensis) and cocoa (Theobroma cacao). Theophylline is used off label to treat cough caused by bronchoconstriction. For infants 0–25 weeks: The total daily dose should be divided into 3 equal doses taken by mouth every 8 hours. It does this by relaxing the muscles and decreasing the response to substances that cause your airways to constrict. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. 111 Serum drug level monitoring is needed with doses above 12 mg/kg or if side-effects occur. These drugs are often used to treat similar conditions. For people with low thyroid levels: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Serious side effects and their symptoms can include the following: Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. Child dosage (ages 1–15 years who weigh less than 45 kg). The lowest GoodRx price for the most common version of theophylline ER is around $63.80, 78% off the average retail price of $294.90. Child dosage (babies born at full-term up to 12 months of age). Call 911 if your symptoms feel life threatening or if you think you’re having a medical emergency. Portions of this document last updated: Oct. 01, 2020. shortness of breath. Our mission is to provide a free, reliable and … In addition, blood levels need to be monitored and certain medicines can cause theophylline levels to increase. Your medication may not work as well or may stop working completely. Consult your doctor if you observe any of the following side-effects, especially if they do not go away. The most common side effects include stomach upset and excitement. This can cause your body to process drugs more slowly. More serious effects are haematemesis, convulsions, and supraventricular and ventricular … All possible dosages and forms may not be included here. This content does not have an English version. Theophylline in overdose can cause vomiting (which may be severe and intractable), agitation, restlessness, dilated pupils, sinus tachycardia, and hyperglycaemia. The side effects of theophylline may include stomach upset, headache and although rare, seizures and heart arrythmias. Symptoms such as restlessness and stomach upset may subside after around two weeks, as your pup's body adjusts to the drug. It relaxes the smooth muscles of the airways leading to the lung. However, because drugs affect each person differently, we cannot guarantee that this list includes all possible dosages. Examples of these drugs include: Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. Theophylline Side Effects Nausea/vomiting, stomach/abdominal pain, headache, trouble sleeping, diarrhea, irritability, restlessness, nervousness, shaking, or increased urination may occur. Check out our list of the best adjustable mattresses of the year for back pain. Disclaimer: Healthline has made every effort to make certain that all information is factually correct, comprehensive, and up-to-date. If you notice any other effects, check with your healthcare professional. Your doctor may monitor certain health issues. Always speak with your doctor or pharmacist about dosages that are right for you. A Disorder With Excess Antidiuretic Hormone Called Syndrome Of Inappropriate Antidiuretic Hormone. Child dosage (babies born prematurely less than 12 months old). Side Effects. A small amount of theophylline is one of the products of caffeine metabolic proces… These issues may include: There are other drugs available to treat your condition. Your symptoms, including trouble breathing, may get worse. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects. This information is not a substitute for medical advice. When flying, never put it into a checked bag. Excessive doses can occasionally cause heart attacks and a severely low level of potassium in the blood (hypokalemia). Theophylline oral tablet is only available as a generic drug. This means that you may have more side effects. Call your doctor at once if you have: severe or continued vomiting; ongoing headache, trouble sleeping; rapid heartbeats; a seizure; new signs of illness (especially fever); This means that you may have more side effects. Increased urination Symptoms of nervous system excitement (such as anxiety and insomnia) and stomach upset tend to pass with repeated use and adjustment of the dosage. For people with heart failure: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. You may need to decide whether to stop breastfeeding or stop taking this medication. Talk to your doctor about other drug options that may work for you. Any use of this site constitutes your agreement to the Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below. To help avoid interactions, your doctor should manage all of your medications carefully. The leaflet will give you more information about theophylline and a full list of side-effects which you may experience from taking it. Common side effects of Theo-24 include mild nausea, loss of appetite, stomach pain, diarrhea, upset stomach, weight loss, restlessness, tremor, sleep problems (insomnia), headache, lightheadedness, dizziness, sweating, restlessness, nervousness, or irritability. We review Sunsoil CBD, including its reputation and certified organic products. Drug information provided by: IBM Micromedex. Your doctor may have you monitor your lung function using a peak flow meter. Examples of drugs that can cause interactions with theophylline are listed below. Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. Along with its needed effects, a medicine may cause some unwanted effects. Take the next dose at the usually scheduled time. There haven’t been enough studies done in humans to be certain how the drug might affect the fetus. Information is for End User's use only and may not be sold, redistributed or otherwise used for commercial purposes. If this medicine upsets your stomach, you may take it with food. Your doctor may start you on a lowered dose or a different medication schedule. Theophylline works by opening the airways in your lungs. Generic drugs usually cost less than the brand-name version. Irregular heart rate. If you drink alcohol, talk to your doctor. For seniors: Theophylline is cleared from the body more slowly in adults over the age of 60 years. An example of these drugs is: When you take these drugs with theophylline, you may need a larger dose for them to work. An example of these drugs is: This drug raises your risk of side effects from theophylline. The use of drinks that contain alcohol raises your risk of side effects from theophylline. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction : hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat. Buy Theophylline Online. Check with your health care professional if any of the following side effects continue or are bothersome or if you have any questions about them: Other side effects not listed may also occur in some patients. These drugs can increase the levels of theophylline in your body. Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. You could have dangerous levels of the drug in your body. They’re fast, easy-to-use and free! Theophylline is used to treat the symptoms of asthma or other lung conditions that block your airways, such as emphysema or chronic bronchitis. Theophylline side effects. Extra Heartbeats. Diarrhea 5. This drug is given in divided doses every 4–6 hours. The theophylline tablet is only available as a generic drug. Don’t put this medication in your car’s glove compartment or leave it in the car. However, because drugs interact differently in each person, we cannot guarantee that this information includes all possible interactions. Theophylline belongs to a class of drugs called methylxanthines. Due to its numerous side-effects, these drugs are now rarely administered for clinical use. After 3 more days, if your dose is tolerated and more medication is needed, your dose may be adjusted based on the level of theophylline in your blood. As a member of the xanthine family, it bears structural and pharmacological similarity to caffeine. Never use theophylline in larger amounts, or for longer than prescribed. Your doctor will calculate your child’s dose based on their age and body weight. Your maximum dose per day shouldn’t be higher than 400 mg. Take the tablets with food. If you’re given theophylline in a hospital emergency, via your vein (intravenously), another possible short-term side effect is an irregular heartbeat. Creighton University, Center for Drug Information and Evidence-Based Practice, Theophylline may interact with other medications, Important considerations for taking theophylline, New Test Can Distinguish Asthma from Allergies with Just One Drop of Blood, How Actress Angela Trimbur Created an Online Community of Breast Cancer Survivors, The Best Adjustable Mattresses for Back Pain. Check with your doctor immediately if any of the following side effects occur: Get emergency help immediately if any of the following symptoms of overdose occur: Some side effects may occur that usually do not need medical attention. Hoping to finally put your back pain to bed? Store theophylline at room temperature between 59°F and 86°F (15°C and 30°C). Theophylline is a very effective bronchodilator medicine. If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression. Your dose, form, and how often you take it will depend on: The usual starting dose is 300–400 mg per day. THEOPHYLLINE is a bronchodilator. However, theophylline is removed more slowly from the body in children under 1 year old. This means you may need to take it with other medications. sweating. More common side effects Some of the … You should always consult your doctor or other healthcare professional before taking any medication. For people with liver disease: You may not be able to clear theophylline from your body well. Taking your dose too close to a high-fat meal may increase your theophylline levels and cause side effects. Be sure to avoid doing this when the weather is very hot or very cold. You take these drugs by mouth. If you have risk factors for reduced clearance, such as liver disease: Your maximum dose per day shouldn’t be higher than 400 mg. Disclaimer: Our goal is to provide you with the most relevant and current information. Our general interest e-newsletter keeps you up to date on a wide variety of health topics. This means that you may have more side effects. Keep it in your carry-on bag. This may increase the amount of this drug in your body and cause more side effects. The kidneys of older adults may not work as well as they used to. Insomnia 3. Talk to your doctor if you breastfeed your child. After 3 more days, your dose may be adjusted as needed based on the level of theophylline in your blood. What are the side effects of Theophylline (Theo-24)? These side-effects are possible, but do not always occur. Theophylline works by relaxing the smooth muscles of the airways while relieving inflam… Symptoms can include: Research in animals has shown adverse effects to the fetus when the mother takes the drug. If your symptoms are severe, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency room right away. Some of the more common side effects that can occur with use of theophylline include: If these effects are mild, they may go away within a few days or a couple of weeks. Before starting this treatment, read the manufacturer's printed information leaflet from inside the pack. Theophylline may cause side effects. Excessive hunger and/or thirst 6. Theophylline may be used as part of a combination therapy. This means that it may not work to treat your condition. unusual tiredness or weakness. If they’re more severe or don’t go away, talk to your doctor or pharmacist. Not much is yet known about the adverse effects of this medicine, but the following effects are possible: 1. Learn more about the potential benefits and…. The amount of theophylline in your blood may also be monitored more closely. Bloody Vomit. This medicine is used to treat the symptoms of asthma, bronchitis, and emphysema. If any of these effects last or get worse, tell your doctor or pharmacist promptly. upset stomach; stomach pain; diarrhea; headache; restlessness; difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep; irritability; Some side effects can be serious. However, theophylline is a CNS stimulant, and it lowers arterial blood pressure, increases diuresis, displays cardiotonic activity, and has a specific effect on the gastrointestinal tract. Examples of these drugs include: These drugs may increase the levels of theophylline in your body. Get answers to frequently asked questions about theophylline. The benefits of theophylline may be recognized at lower serum levels than previously recommended (a target range of 5–15 µg/mL). This medicine is used to prevent and treat wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness associated with lung diseases like asthma, chronic bronchitis, emphysema etc. Babies younger than 24 days: 1 mg/kg of body weight, Babies 24 days and older: 1.5 mg/kg of body weight. Your doctor will write the number of refills authorized on your prescription. It’s used for long-term treatment. For actress Angela Trimbur, connecting with other women who know what it’s like, especially during the COVID-19 crisis, has been invaluable. However, this article should not be used as a substitute for the knowledge and expertise of a licensed healthcare professional. Be sure to tell your doctor about all medications, vitamins, or herbs you’re taking. Theophylline (dimethylxanthine) has been used to treat airway diseases for more than 80 years. The starting dose is 300–400 mg per day. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. This can be fatal (cause death). The absence of warnings or other information for a given drug does not indicate that the drug or drug combination is safe, effective, or appropriate for all patients or all specific uses. This is not a comprehensive list. Always speak with your healthcare provider about possible interactions with all prescription drugs, vitamins, herbs and supplements, and over-the-counter drugs that you are taking. This drug comes in the form of an oral tablet, oral capsule, or oral solution. Theophylline oral tablet can interact with other medications, vitamins, or herbs you may be taking. After 3 days, your doctor may increase your dose to 16 mg/kg daily up to a maximum of 400 mg per day if you don’t have any side effects. Consult with your vet about any side effects you notice once you start the medication. The following is a list of possible side-effects that may occur in medicines that contain Theophylline. Examples of these drugs include: These drugs may increase the levels of theophylline in your body. For people with seizures: This drug may make your seizures worse. This can be harmful or prevent the drug from working well. Although not all of these side effects may occur, if they do occur they may need medical attention. This content does not have an Arabic version. It is typically taken by mouth for the long-term control and maintenance of asthma, COPD (including emphysema and chronic bronchitis), and other chronic lung diseases.

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