Công cụ quản lý dự án Group Decision Making trong PMP là gì?
Ví dụ Group Decision Making: Brainstorming, Nominal group technique, Delphi technique.
A group decision-making technique is an assessment process having multiple alternatives with an expected outcome in the form of future actions. These techniques can be used to generate, classify, and prioritize product requirements. All of these group decision-making techniques can be applied to the group creativity techniques used in the Collect Requirements process.
- Unanimity: A decision that is reached whereby everyone agrees on a single course of action. One way to reach unanimity is the Delphi technique, in which a selected group of experts answers questionnaires and provides feedback regarding the responses from each round of requirements gathering. The responses are only available to the facilitator to maintain anonymity.
- Majority: A decision that is reached with support obtained from more than 50 % of the members of the group. Having a group size with an uneven number of participants can ensure that a decision will be reached, rather than resulting in a tie
- Plurality: A decision that is reached whereby the largest block in a group decides, even if a majority is not achieved. This method is generally used when the number of options nominated is more than two.
- Dictorship: In this method, one individual makes the decision for the group