Tổng hợp các khái niệm cần nắm về lĩnh vực Project Management Framework Concepts (Chapter 01) trong kỳ thi PMP

Chapter 01: Project Management Framework


>> Thi thử PMP chuyên đề project management framework


    1. What is a Project? is a temporary endeavor undertaken to create a unique product, service,  or result (lasting outcome). The temporary nature of projects indicates a definite beginning and end. The end is reached when the project’s objectives have been archived or project is terminated because its objectives will not or cannot be met, or when the needs for project no longer exists.
    2. What is Project Management? Is the application of knowledge, skills, tools and techniques to project activities to meet the project requirements. There are 47 project management process which are logically grouped comprising 05 process group.
    3. What is Operation? Are permanent endeavors that produce the same product, or repetitive outputs, with resources assigned to do basically the same set of tasks according to the standards institutionalized. Eg: Manufacturing operations, production operations, accounting productions….
    4. Operation Work? Is ongoing and sustains the organization over time, and do not terminate when its current objectives are met, but Instead follow new directions to support the organization’s strategic plans.
    5. What is Program? Is defined as a group of related projects managed in coordinated way
    6. What is Program Management? Is defined as the centralized coordinated management of a program to archieve the program’s strategic objectives and benefits.
    7. What if a Portfolio? Collection of an organization’s projects, programs and operations that are grouped together to facilitate effective management to achieve strategic objectives.
    8. What is Portfolio Management? Refers to centralized management of one or more portfolios to achieve specific strategic objectives. Focus on ensuring that projects, programs are reviewed for priority resource allocation so that is consistent with organizational strategies.
    9. Sub-project/phase? A project is subdivided into more manageable phases. Generally, project is often utilized as a mean of achieving. Objectives within an organization’s strategic plan.
    10. PMO: Is management structure that standardize the project-related governance processes and facilitates the sharing of resources, methodologies, tools and techniques…
    11. Primary function of PMO: is to support Project Managers in a variety of ways, includes:
      1. Managing shared resources
      2. Dev project management methodology, best practices, standards
      3. Coaching, mentoring and training
      4. Dev and monitoring compliance with project mgmt standards, policies, procudures, templates… and other shared doc.
      5. Coordinating communication across projects.
    12. PM (A person) + Project Mgmt (An Application) = Responsibilities & Competences of PM
    13. Project Life Cycle: is the series of generally sequential and sometime overlapping phases/project phases which passes through from its initiation to its closure, with names and numbers are determined by the control needs of the organization or organizations involved in the project. A life cycle can be documented with a methodology.
    14. Product Life Cycle: consists of generally sequential, non-overlapping product phases, determined by the manufacturing and control needed of the organization. The last product life cycle phase for a product is generally the product’s retirement (Decline phase). There are 5 phases in product life cycle: Dev, Introduction, Growth, Maturity, Decline. In each phases we can have many projects.
    15. Project Phase: are divisions within a project where extra control is needed to effectively manage the completion of a major deliverables. Project phase are typically completed sequentially, but can overlap in some project situations. Each phase defines the work to be completed and key deliverables to be produced during that phase. Transition between phases usually occurs when key deliverables have been completed and approved.
    16. Phase’s 4 Characteristics:
      1. The end of phase represents a natural point to reassess the effort underway and to change or terminate the project if necessary.
      2. In many cases, the closure of a phase is required to be approved in some forms before it can be considered closed.
      3. Formal phase completion does not necessarily include authorizing the subsequent phase. For instance, if the risk is deemed to be too great for the project to continue or the objectives are no longer required, a phase can be closed with the decision to not initiate any other phases.
      4. The closure of a phase ends with some forms of transfer or hand-off the work product produced as the phase deliverable. This point may be referred to as a phase exits, milestones, phase gates, decision gates, stage gate, kill points, phase end reviews.
    17. Phase relationship:
      1. Sequential Relationship: next phase can only start once the previous phase complete.
      2. Overlapping relationship: Next phase can start prior to the completion of previous phase. Room to compress schedule. => Increase Risk.
      3. Interactive Relationship: planning for next phase can be started when progress/deliverables of current phase become clearer. => Apply in largely undefined, uncertain projects, or rapidly changing environments such as research and it can be reduce the ability to provide long term planning.


>> Thi thử PMP chuyên đề project management framework

Tổng hợp PMP Concepts: https://hocpmp.com/pmp-concepts



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