Tìm hiểu về Procurement Strategy ITTO trong luyện thi PMP
Once the make-or-buy analysis is complete and the decision is made to acquire from outside the project, a procurement strategy should be identified. The objective of the procurement strategy is to determine the project delivery method, the type of legally binding agreement(s), and how the procurement will advance through the procurement phases.
- Delivery methods. Delivery methods are different for professional services versus construction projects.
- For professional services, delivery methods include: buyer/services provider with no subcontracting, buyer/ services provider with subcontracting allowed, joint venture between buyer and services provider, and buyer/ services provider acts as the representative.
- For industrial or commercial construction, project delivery methods include but are not limited to: turnkey, design build (DB), design bid build (DBB), design build operate (DBO), build own operate transfer (BOOT), and others.
- Contract payment types. Contract payment types are separate from the project delivery methods and are coordinated with the buying organization’s internal financial systems. They include but are not limited to these contract types plus variations: lump sum, firm fixed price, cost plus award fees, cost plus incentive fees, time and materials, target cost, and others.
- Fixed-price contracts are suitable when the type of work is predictable and the requirements are well defined and not likely to change.
- Cost plus contracts are suitable when the work is evolving, likely to change, or not well defined.
- Incentives and awards may be used to align the objectives of buyer and seller.
- Procurement phases. The procurement strategy can also include information on procurement phases. Information may include:
- Sequencing or phasing of the procurement, a description of each phase and the specific objectives of each phase;
- Procurement performance indicators and milestones to be used in monitoring;
- Criteria for moving from phase to phase;
- Monitoring and evaluation plan for tracking progress; and
- Process for knowledge transfer for use in subsequent phases