Công cụ quản lý dự án Resource Optimization Techniques trong PMP là gì?
Examples of resource optimization techniques that can be used to adjust the schedule model due to demand and supply of resources include, but are not limited to:
- Resource Levelling: A technique in which start and finish dates are adjusted based on resource constraints with the goal of balancing demand for resources with the available supply. Resource levelling can be used when shared or critically required resources are only available at certain times, or in limited quantities, or over-allocated, such as when a resource has been assigned to two or more activities during the same time period, or to keep resource usage at a constant level. Resource levelling can often cause the original critical path to change, usually to increase.
- Resource Smoothing: A technique that adjusts the activities of a schedule model such that the requirements for resources on the project do not exceed certain predefined resource limits. In resource smoothing, as opposed to resource leveling, the project’s critical path is not changed and the completion date may not be delayed. In other words, activities may only be delayed within their free and total float. Thus resource smoothing may not be able to optimize all resources.